Tuesday, August 23, 2011

To fight corruption in the Philippines is to adopted a tough anti-corruption policy targeted at ensuring sustainable and equitable development. The objective is to combat corruption through its general work on market liberalization and public sector reform; by providing explicit support for selective anti-corruption initiatives; and by ensuring that its own staff and projects adhere to the highest levels of integrity.

The objective of these was to raise awareness of the seriousness of the corruption problem and to identify effective anti-corruption strategies.

  • The pernicious effects of corruption: corruption erodes confidence in political institutions and endangers public sector reforms; exacts a disproportionate cost on the poor who may be deprived of basic public services; distorts the allocation of resources and undermines competition in the market place. Empirical evidence demonstrates that corruption has a devastating effect on investment, growth, and development.
  • Agreed on the necessity to fight all types of corruption on all levels and recognized progress made in some countries to develop effective anti-corruption programmes.
  • Recognized the need to address the international dimension of corruption, organised crime and money laundering.
  • Identified priority measures to fight corruption including:
    1. strengthening state institutions by improving enforcement and monitoring;
    2. providing for transparency and accountability;
    3. enabling independent investigative and judiciary bodies;
    4. building public/private partnerships and networks to monitor anti-corruption activities and underpin reform efforts;
    5. establishing participatory and proactive strategies to enhance anti-corruption efforts of all parties concerned;
    6. empowering civil society and media to galvanize community action, generate political commitment and create a pattern of honesty in business transactions;
    7. improving basic education and literacy levels, and educating society to the costs of corruption.
  • Agreed that anti-corruption programmes must be supported by political will and that building private/public sector coalitions is critical to developing and sustaining reform measures.
  • The need for changing the business environment because corruption interferes with competition on the basis of price, quality, and service and erodes the integrity of managers and employees.
  • Stressed the importance of promoting ethical standards in business and good corporate governance.
  • Recognized the value of international instruments to encourage and strengthen anti-corruption programmes at national and regional levels and to provide a benchmark of best practices.
  • Encouraged donor organizations to develop synergies in programme design and implementation on the basis of long-term partnership.

Implementation strategies: Public Sector

We need to:

  • develop comprehensive national strategies for combating corruption;
  • strengthen law enforcement mechanisms, including the role of the judiciary and provide witness protection programmes;
  • increase transparency through the establishment of competitive public procurement procedures and encourage the adoption of international rules in this area;
  • improve conditions for international investment through simplification of government procedures,
  • improve transparency and accountability in budget preparation, execution, and oversight of expenditure,
  • develop codes of ethics in public administration to be enforced by strong sanctions;
  • strengthen procedures for an effective and merit-based civil service, particularly recruitment, promotion and pay,
  • adopt “Freedom of Information” laws and provide access to public information,
  • strengthen parliamentary oversight, independent audit and investigative bodies to be backed by sufficient human and financial resources.

Implementation Strategies: Private Sector

We need for:

  • establishing public-private partnerships to develop anti-corruption strategies, goals and processes;
  • promoting good corporate governance on the basis of international standards and principles;
  • strong commitment by top management of companies to implement anti-corruption strategies;
  • developing and implementing codes of ethical conduct and ensuring their effectiveness through internal control mechanisms, training of personnel and sanctions;
  • accounting and auditing rules and standards to ensure transparency in business transactions;
  • building coalitions for business integrity, including business ethics centers.

Implementation Strategies: Media and Civil Society

The urgency of:

  • mobilizing civil society (media, NGOs, business, labor, and professional associations) to monitor good governance;
  • creating an anti-corruption network of NGOs to share information on regional/country anti-corruption initiatives;
  • conducting surveys of businesses, consumers and public opinion to provide feedback for delivery of public services and fostering competition;
  • implementing education programmes aimed at fostering an anti-corruption culture in society;
  • enabling the media to effectively exercise public scrutiny;
  • improving ethical and professional standards of journalists and promoting training in investigative journalism.

Follow-Up

  • exchange information and experience on national, regional and international programmes to measure progress and encourage further actions;
  • analyze issues relating to anti-corruption activities and develop recommendations;
  • monitor the progress achieved in the implementation of these recommendations.

These are my recommendations if the body satisfy we will widely disseminated to all parties concerned with the fight against corruption.

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